The Mediterranean diet is a plant-based diet that is inspired by the traditional foods consumed in the Mediterranean region, including Italy, Greece, Spain, and Portugal. This diet is known for its emphasis on whole, minimally processed foods and the abundant use of vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts, and whole grains.
The Mediterranean diet also includes moderate amounts of fish and seafood, dairy products (primarily cheese and yogurt), and poultry and eggs. Red meat is consumed in moderation, and wine is often consumed in moderation with meals.
The Mediterranean diet is high in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, such as those found in olive oil, nuts, and fatty fish, which are believed to have numerous health benefits, including reducing inflammation, improving heart health, and promoting brain function.
Studies have shown that adhering to a Mediterranean diet can reduce the risk of chronic diseases, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain cancers. Additionally, it may improve mental health, support healthy aging, and aid in weight loss or weight management.