What is Upa-Vedas?
- Upa-Vedas refer to the traditional branches of knowledge that developed alongside the four Vedas in ancient India. These Upa-Vedas are considered to be auxiliary or secondary Vedas that further elaborate on the knowledge and teachings contained in the main Vedas. There are traditionally believed to be five Upa-Vedas:
- Ayurveda – Ayurveda is the Upa-Veda that deals with the science of medicine, health and well-being. It explains various methods to maintain physical and mental health and cure diseases through natural means.
- Dhanurveda – Dhanurveda is the Upa-Veda that deals with the science of warfare and archery. It explains the methods of warfare, the use of weapons, and the strategies used in battles.
- Gandharvaveda – Gandharvaveda is the Upa-Veda that deals with music, dance, and performing arts. It explains the various forms of music and dance, and how they can be used for spiritual upliftment and entertainment.
- Arthashastra – Arthashastra is the Upa-Veda that deals with the science of politics and economics. It explains various methods of governance, administration, and management of resources.
- Sthapatyaveda – Sthapatyaveda is the Upa-Veda that deals with the science of architecture, engineering, and construction. It explains various techniques and principles of construction and design, including the construction of houses, temples, and other buildings.
- These Upa-Vedas are considered to be essential for a well-rounded education in ancient India, along with the study of the Vedas and other branches of knowledge such as philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, and astrology.