- Define Anatomy
Anatomy is the study of the structure of the body. It is the science that deals with the structures of the human body and its relationship of various parts to each other. It includes Histology (the study of tissues), Osteology (study of bones), Mycology (study of muscles), Arthrology (study of joints), Splanchnology (study of organs) and Neurology (study of nervous system).
- Why yoga student should know about “anatomy”
The knowledge of anatomy will help a student of yoga to enhance their practice, break through blockages and avoid injuries. Moreover, since yoga is a practice that involves our bodily structure and function, a basic understanding of anatomy will help us to better understand how the practice affects our body and mind. Such a scientific background will also help the individual to remove confusion or misconception if any.
- Why yoga student should know about “Physiology”
Physiology and its understanding allow the student to better understand the physiological changes brought about by the yogic practices. It also provides a better grasp of the probable mechanisms involved in various yogic practices on the scientific background. Therefore, this knowledge will help them apply the technique systematically for themselves or for other students.
- How many ‘planes’ are there in human body and mention its optimum movements?
There are three planes of movement, namely Coronal, Sagittal and Transverse.
– Coronal plane: Divides the body from front to back. Movements along this place are called adduction (extremity towards the midline) and abduction (extremity away from midline).
– Sagittal plane: Divides the body into right and left. Movements are called flexion (extremity forward, except at the knee – moves backward) and extension (extremity backward).
- Write five kosha.
The five kosha are as follows:
– Annamaya Kosha
– Pranamaya Kosha
– Manomaya Kosha
– Vignanamaya Kosha
– Anandamaya Kosha
- What practices will you prescribe for Annamaya Kosha?
Since Annamaya Kosha is concerned with the physical body, the practices of yoga poses – Asana – can be recommended.
- What practices will you prescribe for Pranamaya Kosha?
Since Pranamaya Kosha is concerned with the life force, the practice of breathing – Pranayama – can be recommended.
- What practices will you prescribe for Manomaya Kosha?
Since Manomaya Kosha is concerned with the mind, the practice of meditation – Dhyana – can be recommended.
- What practices will you prescribe for Vignanamaya Kosha?
Since Vignanamaya Kosha is concerned with wisdom and intellect, the practice of meditation and breathing – Dhyana and Pranayama – can be recommended.
- What practices will you prescribe for Anandamaya Kosha?
Since Anandamaya Kosha is concerned with bliss, the practice of service, worship or meditation – seva, Bhakti yoga and dhyana.