Thirumoolar was a Tamil saint and poet who lived during the 6th or 7th century CE in the southern part of India. He is believed to be one of the 63 Nayanars, the renowned devotees of Lord Shiva in the Tamil Shaivite tradition. Thirumoolar is also known for his contribution to the ancient Tamil literature and philosophy.
Thirumoolar is most famous for his magnum opus, Thirumandiram, which is a comprehensive work on Tamil Shaiva Siddhanta philosophy. The Thirumandiram consists of over 3,000 verses and covers a wide range of topics such as yoga, ethics, cosmology, and metaphysics. The text is considered one of the most important works of the Tamil Shaiva Siddhanta and has had a significant impact on the development of the Tamil language and culture.
Thirumoolar’s teachings are based on the concept of unity between the individual soul and the ultimate reality, known as Shiva. He emphasizes the importance of realizing this unity through spiritual practices such as meditation, yoga, and devotion to Shiva. According to Thirumoolar, the ultimate goal of human life is to attain liberation or moksha, which is the state of eternal bliss and oneness with Shiva.
In addition to his philosophical works, Thirumoolar is also known for his contributions to the Tamil language and literature. He is credited with developing the Tamil script and is considered a pioneer in Tamil linguistics. Thirumoolar’s poetic works, including the Thirumanthiram, are characterized by their mystical and philosophical themes, as well as their beautiful language and imagery.
Thirumoolar’s legacy continues to inspire devotees of Lord Shiva and students of Tamil literature and philosophy. His teachings on the oneness of all existence and the ultimate goal of spiritual liberation continue to be relevant and influential today.