Karuna Yoga Vidya Peetham Bangalore

What is the autonomic nervous system?

  • The autonomic nervous system is a part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the involuntary functions of the body, such as heart rate, digestion, respiratory rate, and blood pressure. It is responsible for maintaining homeostasis in the body by regulating the internal environment in response to various stimuli.
  • The autonomic nervous system is divided into two branches, the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system, which work together to maintain balance and respond to changes in the environment. The sympathetic nervous system is responsible for the “fight or flight” response, which prepares the body for action in response to stress or danger. The parasympathetic nervous system, on the other hand, is responsible for the “rest and digest” response, which conserves energy and promotes relaxation.
  • The autonomic nervous system also contains a third branch, the enteric nervous system, which controls the digestive system. It is sometimes called the “second brain” because it can function independently of the central nervous system.
  • Dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system can lead to various conditions such as autonomic neuropathy, orthostatic hypotension, and disorders of sweating. These conditions can cause symptoms such as dizziness, fainting, and digestive problems. Treatment options for autonomic dysfunction depend on the underlying cause and may include lifestyle changes, medications, or surgery.

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