What is term Retraction, in kinesiology asana movement?
Retraction in yoga refers to the movement of the shoulders and shoulder blades towards the midline of the body. This movement is often used in yoga asanas (poses) to stretch and strengthen the muscles of the upper back.
For example, in a pose like cat-cow stretch (Marjaryasana-Bitilasana), retraction is used to stretch the muscles of the upper back, creating space between the shoulder blades and relieving tension in the neck and shoulders. In a pose like eagle arms (Garudasana arms), retraction is used to strengthen and tone the upper back muscles.
Proper alignment and awareness of the body during retraction can help to prevent injury and promote balance and strength throughout the body. It is important to approach retraction with caution and build up strength and flexibility gradually, as it can be a challenging movement for some people.