In Hinduism, dharma refers to the cosmic order and righteousness. It is a complex and multifaceted concept that encompasses various meanings and dimensions, including religious, moral, social, and legal.
At its core, dharma is the duty and responsibility of every individual to uphold the moral and ethical principles that sustain and harmonize the universe. This involves fulfilling one’s obligations and responsibilities in accordance with one’s station in life, caste, and stage of life.
Dharma is also the foundation of the Hindu social order, which is based on the principles of varna and ashrama. It prescribes the duties and obligations of each varna (caste) and ashrama (stage of life) and the appropriate conduct for each.
Moreover, dharma is closely linked to the concept of karma, as it governs the consequences of one’s actions and their impact on one’s life and afterlife. It is believed that following one’s dharma leads to spiritual growth and liberation from the cycle of birth and death.
Overall, dharma is a fundamental principle in Hinduism that guides the behavior and actions of individuals, communities, and society as a whole.