Karuna Yoga Vidya Peetham Bangalore

  1. Method of utrasana practice

Ustrasana, also known as Camel Pose, is a backbend that strengthens and stretches the entire body. Here is a method of practicing Ustrasana:

  1. Begin by kneeling on the floor with your knees hip-width apart, and your thighs perpendicular to the floor. Your shins and feet should be resting on the floor.
  • Place your hands on your hips with your fingers pointing downward.
  • Draw your tailbone down towards the floor, lengthening your lower back.
  • Inhale and lift your sternum towards the ceiling, expanding your chest.
  • Keeping your chin tucked in, exhale and begin to arch your upper back.
  • Place your right hand on your right heel and your left hand on your left heel.
  • Make sure your hips are directly above your knees.
  • Hold the pose for 5-10 breaths.
  • To come out of the pose, bring your hands back to your hips and slowly release your back down to a neutral position.
  1. Rest in Child’s Pose or any other comfortable position.

Note: If you have any neck or back issues, consult with your doctor or yoga teacher before practicing this pose.

  • How to teach utrasana

       Here are the steps to teach Ustrasana:

  1. Warm-up: Start with a few rounds of Surya Namaskar or any other gentle warm-up exercises to prepare the body for the practice.
  • Knee and Ankle Stretch: Ask the students to kneel down on the yoga mat and place their hands on the hips. Instruct them to stretch their knees and ankles by pushing their hips forward and bringing their chest up.
  • Hand Placement: Once they have stretched their knees and ankles, tell them to bring their hands down and place them on their lower back, with the fingers pointing downwards.
  • Inhale and Lift: Ask the students to inhale deeply and lift their chest and upper body up towards the ceiling. Make sure they keep their neck and head relaxed.
  • Support: Encourage the students to support themselves with their hands on the lower back, and to not over-arch their spine.
  • Hold: Ask them to hold the posture for a few breaths, and then release by bringing their hands back to their hips.
  • Repeat: Repeat the practice for a few rounds, gradually increasing the duration of the hold.
  • Rest: After the practice, ask the students to rest in Balasana or any other comfortable resting posture.


  • Make sure the students do not over-arch their spine and put excessive pressure on the lower back.
  • Encourage them to use their hands to support themselves and maintain a stable posture.
  • Instruct them to keep their neck and head relaxed throughout the practice.
  • Advise the students with any back or neck pain or injuries to avoid this posture or modify it as per their capacity.
  • Be watchful of their breath and alignment.
  • Benefits of utrasana

        Ustrasana, also known as Camel Pose, has several benefits, including:

  1. Stretches the entire front of the body: Ustrasana stretches the hip flexors, quadriceps, abdomen, chest, and throat. It also helps in opening up the shoulders and improving flexibility in the spine.
  • Improves posture: This pose helps to open the chest and strengthens the muscles in the back, which can help improve posture.
  • Stimulates the organs: Ustrasana stimulates the organs of the abdomen and throat, including the kidneys, pancreas, liver, and thyroid gland.
  • Relieves back pain: Ustrasana helps to strengthen the muscles in the back, which can relieve back pain.
  • Reduces stress and anxiety: This pose can help reduce stress and anxiety by opening up the chest and improving breathing.
  • Improves digestion: Ustrasana can help improve digestion by stimulating the organs in the abdomen.
  • Increases energy: The deep stretch and opening of the chest in Ustrasana can help to increase energy and reduce fatigue.

Overall, Ustrasana is a great pose for improving flexibility, relieving tension in the body, and promoting overall physical and mental well-being.

  • Contraindications of utrasana

        Ustrasana or Camel pose is generally safe for most people to practice. However, it is important to note that certain conditions may make this pose contraindicated or require modifications. Here are some contraindications of Ustrasana:

  1. Serious back or neck injury: People with serious back or neck injuries should avoid Ustrasana, as it involves backward bending of the spine, which may aggravate the injury.
  • High or low blood pressure: Ustrasana is an inversion pose, which means that the head is below the heart. This can cause an increase in blood pressure, making it unsuitable for people with high blood pressure. People with low blood pressure should also be careful when practicing this pose, as it may cause dizziness.
  • Migraine or headache: Ustrasana may increase blood flow to the head, which can exacerbate headaches or migraines.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnant women should avoid Ustrasana after the first trimester, as it involves backward bending and abdominal compression, which can put pressure on the fetus.
  • Knee or ankle injury: People with knee or ankle injuries may find Ustrasana uncomfortable or painful.

It is important to consult with a doctor or a qualified yoga teacher before practicing Ustrasana if you have any health concerns or are unsure whether the pose is safe for you.

  • Counterpose for utrasana

       The counterpose for Ustrasana (Camel Pose) can be a forward fold such as Uttanasana (Standing Forward Bend) or Balasana (Child’s Pose) to release any tension or compression in the spine. Additionally, any gentle twist such as Ardha Matsyendrasana (Half Lord of the Fishes Pose) or a supine twist like Supta Matsyendrasana (Reclining Spinal Twist Pose) can help balance the effects of the backbend.

  • Preparatory practice for utrasana

       Some preparatory practices that can be beneficial for performing Ustrasana (Camel Pose) are:

  1. Supta Virasana (Reclining Hero Pose) – This pose helps to stretch the thighs, ankles, and hips, making it a great preparatory pose for Ustrasana.
  • Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose) – This pose strengthens the back muscles and helps to prepare the spine for backbends like Ustrasana.
  • Virasana (Hero Pose) – This pose stretches the thighs, ankles, and knees, making it a good preparatory pose for Ustrasana.
  • Setu Bandhasana (Bridge Pose) – This pose strengthens the back and legs, and also stretches the chest, making it a great preparatory pose for Ustrasana.
  • Urdhva Mukha Svanasana (Upward Facing Dog Pose) – This pose strengthens the arms, shoulders, and back, and helps to open the chest, making it a good preparatory pose for Ustrasana.
  • Alignment cue for utrasana

        Sure, here are some alignment cues for Ustrasana (Camel Pose):

1. Begin in a kneeling position with your knees hip-width apart and your shins and feet pressing into the mat.

2. Place your hands on your hips with your thumbs on your back and fingertips on your front.

3. Inhale, lift your chest and engage your core muscles.

4. Exhale, lean back slowly and engage your glutes and thighs to support your lower back.

5. Bring your hands down to rest on your heels one at a time.

6. Lengthen your spine, keeping your neck in line with the rest of your spine.

7. Draw your shoulder blades down and back to open your chest.

8. Lift your hips forward and press your thighs and shins into the mat.

9. Hold the pose for a few breaths.

10. To come out of the pose, bring your hands back to your hips and lift your torso up.

Remember to listen to your body and move slowly into the pose, stopping if you feel any pain or discomfort.

  • Kinesiology of utrasana

       Ustrasana or camel pose is a backbend that targets the spine, hips, and legs. Here is the kinesiology of Ustrasana:

  1. Spinal extension: The main action of Ustrasana is spinal extension, which is achieved by contracting the erector spinae muscles. These muscles run parallel to the spine and help maintain good posture.
  • Hip flexion: When moving into Ustrasana, the hip flexors, including the rectus femoris and iliopsoas, are stretched. These muscles are located in the front of the hips and are responsible for bringing the thighs closer to the torso.
  • Shoulder extension: As the arms are lifted up and back, the shoulder joint is extended by the deltoids and the trapezius muscles. This movement helps to open up the chest and improve posture.
  • Quadriceps engagement: To stabilize the lower body in Ustrasana, the quadriceps muscles in the thighs must be engaged. These muscles work to extend the knee joint and maintain balance.

Overall, Ustrasana is a complex pose that involves multiple muscle groups and joints working together.

  • Biomechanism of utrasana

        Ustrasana, also known as Camel pose, involves a complex interplay of biomechanics in various parts of the body. Here’s a brief explanation of the biomechanism of Ustrasana:

  • Spine extension: Ustrasana involves an intense extension of the entire spine. This is achieved by engaging the erector spinae muscles along the spine, particularly in the thoracic and lumbar regions. The extension of the spine also requires the engagement of the gluteus maximus muscles.
  • Hip extension: The pose also involves an extension of the hips, which is achieved by engaging the hip extensor muscles, particularly the gluteus maximus and hamstrings. The hip flexors, particularly the iliopsoas muscles, are also stretched in this pose.
  • Shoulder extension: The arms are raised up and over the head in Ustrasana, which requires an extension of the shoulder joints. This is achieved by engaging the deltoid muscles, particularly the posterior fibers, along with the trapezius and rhomboid muscles.
  • Neck extension: The head is tilted back in Ustrasana, which requires an extension of the neck. This is achieved by engaging the cervical erector spinae muscles and the sternocleidomastoid muscles.

All of these movements require a significant amount of muscular engagement and coordination to achieve the full expression of the pose. Proper alignment and engagement of the muscles are important to avoid injury and get the full benefits of the pose.

  1. Anatomy of utrasana

          Ustrasana, also known as camel pose, is a yoga asana that involves backbending and stretching of various muscles and joints. The primary muscles involved in this pose include the rectus abdominis, erector spinae, quadriceps, and hip flexors.

The rectus abdominis is the main muscle responsible for flexing the trunk, while the erector spinae muscles extend the spine. The quadriceps muscles are responsible for extending the knee joint, while the hip flexors, including the iliopsoas muscle group, help to flex the hip joint.

Other muscles involved in the pose include the gluteus maximus, adductors, and the muscles of the shoulder girdle, including the trapezius, rhomboids, and serratus anterior.

During the pose, there is also an emphasis on spinal extension, which involves the opening of the thoracic spine and the elongation of the cervical spine. Additionally, the pose can also help to stretch the neck muscles, including the sternocleidomastoid and scalene muscles.

In terms of joints, Ustrasana primarily involves extension of the thoracic and lumbar spine, as well as flexion of the hip joint and extension of the knee joint.

  1. Physiology of utrasana

         Ustrasana, also known as Camel Pose, is a backbend that can stimulate and stretch various muscles and organs. Here are some physiological effects of Ustrasana:

  1. Stretches the front body: Ustrasana is known for stretching the front part of the body, including the chest, abdomen, and hip flexors. This can help improve posture and breathing, and relieve tension in these areas.
  • Stimulates the thyroid gland: The thyroid gland is responsible for regulating metabolism and energy levels in the body. Ustrasana can stimulate this gland and increase blood flow to the neck, potentially improving thyroid function.
  • Activates the parasympathetic nervous system: Backbends like Ustrasana can activate the parasympathetic nervous system, which is responsible for rest and digestion. This can help reduce stress and anxiety levels and improve digestion.
  • Improves respiratory function: Ustrasana can stretch the chest and lungs, improving breathing capacity and lung function.
  • Increases blood flow: The backbend nature of Ustrasana can increase blood flow to the heart and other organs, potentially improving overall circulation and cardiovascular health.
  • Improves spinal flexibility: Ustrasana can also stretch and strengthen the spine, improving flexibility and relieving tension and pain in the back.
  • Functional anatomy of utrasana

          Ustrasana, also known as Camel Pose, involves various muscles and joints working together. Here are the main muscles involved and their functions in the pose:

  1. Rectus abdominis: This muscle helps to flex the spine and bring the chest forward in Ustrasana.
  • External obliques: These muscles help to rotate the trunk and support the spine during the pose.
  • Erector spinae: This group of muscles runs along the spine and helps to extend the spine, supporting the backbend in Ustrasana.
  • Quadriceps: The quadriceps are the main muscles in the front of the thigh, and they help to extend the knee joint and support the body in the pose.
  • Hip flexors: The hip flexors, including the iliopsoas and rectus femoris, help to flex the hip joint and support the pelvis during the pose.
  • Gluteus maximus: This muscle is the largest muscle in the buttocks, and it helps to extend the hip joint and support the backbend in Ustrasana.
  • Deltoids: The deltoids are the muscles that cover the shoulder joint and help to lift the arms overhead in the pose.
  • Trapezius: This muscle helps to stabilize the shoulder blades and support the head and neck during the pose.

In addition to these muscles, Ustrasana also affects the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. The pose opens up the chest and lungs, allowing for deeper breathing and improved circulation.

  1. Kinematics of utrasana

        Ustrasana, also known as Camel Pose, involves various joint movements and muscular actions. Here are the kinematics involved in Ustrasana:

  1. Extension of the spine: The primary kinematic movement in Ustrasana is spinal extension. This movement occurs in the thoracic and lumbar regions of the spine.
  • Hip flexion: The hip joint moves into flexion as the pelvis tilts forward during the pose.
  • Knee flexion: The knees bend as the shins move toward the vertical position.
  • Shoulder extension: The shoulders move into extension as the chest lifts upward.
  • Elbow extension: The elbows straighten as the arms reach back to grasp the ankles.

All of these movements work together to create the final posture of Ustrasana.

  1. Mechanism of utrasana

       Ustrasana, also known as Camel Pose, is a backbend asana that involves a deep bend in the spine. The main mechanism of Ustrasana involves the extension of the spine, which is achieved through the activation of the erector spinae, quadratus lumborum, and multifidus muscles.

As you move into Ustrasana, the erector spinae muscles, which run alongside the spine, work to extend the vertebrae of the spine, creating space between each of the vertebrae. This helps to lengthen the spine and create a deep backbend.

The quadratus lumborum muscles, which run from the pelvis to the spine, also work to extend the spine and stabilize the pelvis. The multifidus muscles, which run from the vertebrae to the spine, work to support the vertebrae and maintain proper alignment of the spine.

Additionally, Ustrasana can help to open up the chest and stretch the front of the body, including the hip flexors, quadriceps, and abdominal muscles. This can help to improve posture, breathing, and overall flexibility.

  1. Anatomy and physiology of utrasana

       Ustrasana, also known as Camel Pose, involves the stretching and opening of the entire front body. The pose has various physical and physiological effects on the body, including:


– Spine: Ustrasana stretches the entire length of the spine, increasing flexibility and mobility in the vertebrae.

– Neck: The pose opens up the neck, relieving tension and increasing blood flow to the brain.

– Shoulders and chest: Ustrasana stretches and expands the chest and shoulders, increasing lung capacity and improving posture.

– Abdomen: The pose compresses and massages the abdominal organs, stimulating digestion and metabolism.

– Hips: Ustrasana can help to stretch and release tension in the hip flexors and quadriceps.


– Nervous system: Ustrasana stimulates the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, promoting balance and relaxation.

– Endocrine system: The pose can help to stimulate the adrenal glands, which are responsible for producing hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol.

– Cardiovascular system: Ustrasana increases heart rate and blood flow, improving circulation and cardiovascular health.

– Respiratory system: The pose can help to expand the lungs and increase lung capacity, improving respiratory function.

Overall, Ustrasana can be a beneficial pose for increasing flexibility and mobility in the spine, improving posture and lung capacity, and promoting relaxation and balance in the body. However, as with any yoga pose, it is important to practice safely and avoid any movements that cause pain or discomfort.

  1. How to refine utrasana

       To refine Utthita Trikonasana (Extended Triangle Pose), you can focus on the following points:

  1. Alignment: Ensure that the feet are firmly grounded on the mat and the legs are engaged. The front heel should be in line with the arch of the back foot. The hips should be facing forward, and the torso should be in line with the legs.
  • Lengthen the spine: Before folding over the front leg, ensure that the spine is elongated, and the crown of the head is reaching forward. Imagine creating space between each vertebra as you lengthen the spine.
  • Engage the core: Draw the navel towards the spine to engage the core muscles. This action helps to support the lower back and protect it from injury.
  • Rotate from the hips: As you fold over the front leg, initiate the movement from the hip joint rather than rounding the spine. Keep the hips squared and facing forward.
  • Use props: If you have difficulty reaching the floor with your hand, use a block to bring the floor closer to you. You can also use a strap to help you maintain proper alignment in the pose.
  • Breathe: Maintain a steady and even breath throughout the pose. Inhale as you lengthen the spine, and exhale as you fold forward.

Remember to be patient and kind to yourself as you refine your Utthita Trikonasana practice.

  1. How to correct and adjust utrasana

          Here are some tips on how to correct and adjust someone in Ustrasana:

  1. Start by observing: Before you make any adjustments, observe the person’s pose from different angles. Look for any imbalances or misalignments in the hips, shoulders, neck, and spine.
  • Adjust the feet: Make sure that the person’s feet are hip-width apart and parallel to each other. If the feet are turned out or in, gently adjust them to a neutral position.
  • Support the lower back: Many people tend to compress their lower back in this pose. To correct this, you can place your hands on the person’s lower back and gently draw the tailbone down towards the floor.
  • Open the chest: Encourage the person to lift their sternum and chest towards the ceiling. If they are having difficulty with this, you can gently place your hands on their upper back and draw the shoulder blades down and towards each other.
  • Lengthen the neck: To prevent the person from straining their neck, encourage them to keep their neck long and in line with their spine. If they are looking up towards the ceiling, you can gently guide their chin towards their chest.
  • Use props: If the person is having difficulty reaching their heels with their hands or arching their back, you can use props such as blocks or a strap to support them.
  • Avoid overstretching: It’s important to avoid pushing the person too deep into the pose. Encourage them to listen to their body and find a comfortable edge.

Remember to always communicate with the person you are adjusting, and ask for their consent before making any adjustments.

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