In traditional yoga, asana refers to physical postures that are designed to prepare the body and mind for deeper states of meditation and spiritual growth. Asana is seen as one of the eight limbs of yoga, along with ethical guidelines, breathing practices, meditation, and other techniques.
Traditional yoga views asana practice as a means of purifying the body and mind, promoting physical health and vitality, and cultivating the ability to focus and concentrate. The ultimate goal of asana practice is to prepare the practitioner for deeper states of meditation and spiritual insight.
Asana is typically practiced as part of a broader yoga tradition, which may include a range of other practices such as pranayama (breathing exercises), dhyana (meditation), and spiritual study. In traditional yoga, asana practice is seen as one component of a holistic approach to spiritual development.
Traditional yoga views asana practice as a way to harmonize and balance the physical, mental, and spiritual aspects of the individual. As such, asana is not just a physical exercise, but a way to develop awareness, concentration, and mindfulness. Through consistent practice, the practitioner is believed to develop greater physical and mental strength, flexibility, and resilience, as well as a deeper understanding of the interconnectedness of all things.