- Arthritis – inflammation of a joint. Characterized by pain, stiffness, and swelling. Over time, the joint can become severely damaged. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It’s often related to aging or to an injury. Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common form of this kind of Autoimmune arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis happens when your body’s immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake.
- Bursitis – inflammation of a fluid-filled sac that cushions the joint, Excessive use of a joint or stress on a bursa may cause bursitis, an inflammation of a bursa.
- Joint Dislocation: Luxation or Dislocation, displaces the articulating bones of a joint and usually results from a fall or other unusual body movement. Joint dislocation produces an obvious deformity of the joint, some loss of ability to move the articulated bones, localized pain, and swelling.
- Sprains: Sprains result from overstretching or tearing the connective tissues, ligaments, and tendons associated with a joint, but they do not dislocate the articular bones.