Karuna Yoga Vidya Peetham Bangalore

Influence of Reciprocal Inhibition in yoga?

  • Reciprocal inhibition plays an important role in yoga practice, particularly during poses that involve bending or stretching the limbs. When we activate a muscle to move a limb, the antagonistic muscle naturally relaxes due to the activation of inhibitory interneurons in the spinal cord. This allows for smooth and coordinated movement and prevents injury.
  • In yoga, reciprocal inhibition can be used to help deepen stretches and improve flexibility. By actively contracting the agonist muscles and allowing the antagonist muscles to relax, we can safely and effectively move through poses, allowing for deeper stretches.
  • For example, in a seated forward fold pose (Paschimottanasana), we activate the muscles of the back of the legs (hamstrings) to lift and extend the feet and toes, while simultaneously relaxing the muscles of the front of the legs (quadriceps) to allow the knees to bend and the torso to fold forward. This allows for a deeper stretch in the hamstrings and the muscles of the lower back.
  • In addition to improving flexibility, reciprocal inhibition can also help to prevent injury by ensuring that the body moves safely and efficiently through poses. Overall, understanding the role of reciprocal inhibition in yoga can help practitioners develop safe and effective practice habits that promote greater flexibility and overall well-being.

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