Bio Mechanics of Back bending Yoga Postures
- Backbending yoga postures involve a complex interplay of muscular, skeletal, and connective tissue structures. The biomechanics of backbending poses can be understood by considering the various components involved in the movement.
- Firstly, the spinal column is the central structure involved in backbending. It is composed of 33 vertebrae that are stacked on top of each other and separated by intervertebral discs. The spinal column has natural curves, which are maintained by a balance of muscles and ligaments.
- During backbending, the natural curves of the spine are increased, which requires a combination of spinal extension and rotation. The muscles of the back, including the erector spinae, multifidus, and deep intrinsic muscles, are responsible for extending the spine. The muscles of the abdomen and hips, including the rectus abdominis and psoas muscles, assist in spinal extension and rotation.
- In addition to the muscles, the connective tissues of the spine, including the ligaments and intervertebral discs, are also important in backbending. The ligaments of the spine provide stability and support to the joints, while the intervertebral discs act as shock absorbers and allow for movement between the vertebrae.
- In backbending poses, it is important to maintain proper alignment of the spine to avoid injury. This can be achieved by engaging the muscles of the back and abdomen, lengthening the spine, and avoiding excessive compression of the intervertebral discs.
- Overall, the biomechanics of backbending yoga postures involve a balance of spinal extension and rotation, engagement of the muscles of the back and abdomen, and proper alignment of the spine to ensure safety and effectiveness of the practice.