Karuna Yoga Vidya Peetham Bangalore

Yoga question and answer

1. Define ‘teaching’ according to Yoga perspective of view.

To share the step by step knowledge of the holistic yoga practice by making students understand with valid examples, for them to practice and understand the technique of union of body and mind.

2. Write the meaning for term guru and master and teacher and instructor.

The mentor who explains the students the method of yoga practice with commitment.(S)He stands out as an example of high disciplined master for their students to walk behind their trail.

3. What kind of space needed for hatha yoga practice?

A breathable space with a peaceful atmosphere with plants and yogic symbols in a clean ventilated room .

4. What type of “light or brightness’ need for Vinyasa yoga?

Moderate lighting is sufficient for vinyasa yoga since it is dynamic.

Dim light is only used for relaxed practices.

5. How and what types of music should be used in difference intensity of hatha yoga Class.

For moderate and dynamic yoga we must avoid music as its a source of distraction. But for gentle yoga we can play smooth beats like  meditation music.

6. What type of yoga mat is good for asana practice?

A 6mm-10 mm thickness and with 183cm* 61cm dimensions made with natural rubber is the best yoga mat for practice.

7. Write what kind of attire ideal for Vinyasa yoga.

Loose clothing are ideal for dynamic practices to avoid blood clotting.

8. Write what kind of attire ideal for hatha yoga.

For moderate hata yoga practice we can prefer tight or loose fit up to ones interest.

9. Write reasons why we should be in ‘bare feet’ in yoga class.

Its definitely uncomfortable to practice with shoes on and is considered unclean and disrespectful to practice with slippers on. Moreover with bare foot the practice has better grip.

10. What time student should arrive and depart from yoga class.

Students must come to class before the teacher and leave after the class has completely ended. To leave in between they must leave the class silently after informing the teacher without disturbing other students.

11. Where will you allocate in class room, if students with injuries, pregnancy, physical

limitations, and with balancing problem.

For students with special body conditions we can accommodate a space for them beside the wall and make sure they are visible to the teachers eyes in case of emergency.

12. How to place “master’s mat” in class room.

The masters mat is at the front of the class with one horizontal and vertical mat on the floor to demonstrate in various directions.

13. Why we chant ‘om’ beginning of class. Write the meaning of ‘om’.

Om is said to be the celestial sound that resonates through living forms. We chat om before the class to enhance ourselves with the cosmic resonance.

14. How should be the voice and tone for hatha yoga class?

The voice and tone for a moderate hatha yoga class should be in a soft pace.

15. How should be the voice and tone for Vinyasa yoga class?

The tone for a dynamic class must be steadfast with short breaks in between and a bit commanding.

16. How to enquire new students. List out the six questions which you going to ask.

Ask for their Personal Information

● What motivated them to sign up for yoga classes

● Are you suffering from a medical condition?

● Have you had surgeries in the past?

● Are you capable of performing exercises?

● Which yoga exercises feel the most comfortable for you?

● Which movements make you feel good or bad?

17. Write levels of yoga classes.

Beginners – for those who are very new to yoga need help in understanding basic workout and instructions.

Intermediate- Those who are done with the basics and can try doing little more difficult poses.

Advanced- those who are well trained and are capable of doing any poses but want to do group practice.

18. Who is not deserved for advanced level yoga class?

Students with unstable mind and with body ailments must not practice advanced poses.

19. Write about ‘in – the – flow demonstration.

In the flow demonstration requires a steady body and mind to remember the asana sequence and demonstrate it without any jittery body movements.

20. How the ‘knees’ should be in tadasana.

The knee caps must be engaged and pulled up.

21. How the ‘hips’ should be in tadasana.

The hips must be squared facing the front and steady.

22. How to touch students while teaching asana.

After asking their permission we can touch them and adjust their pose with firmness and not too rough.

23. How to develop ‘practice teaching visual observation’ skills.

Learning the anatomy of the body can help us think which part of the body we must observe for each asana.

24. Write about social marketing.

We can market our yoga classes using social media and websites, or through word of mouth and pamphlets.

25. Define kinesthetic learning style.

Kinesthetic learning style involves visualization of the bones and muscles stretching, twisting and contracting in the body on doing a pose.

26. Write about safe biomechanics.

Safety is in essence using good form when exercising, which, if you think about it, is applying correct biomechanical principles: if you are applying good force, your form and movement will also be good, which greatly reduces the risk of injury.

1) Why yoga student should know about “anatomy and physiology”

An understanding of anatomy is key for the safety and development of your students. Integrating this knowledge can encourage injury prevention and facilitate the healing process.

2) Function of diaphragm in respiration.

Upon inhalation, the diaphragm contracts and flattens and the chest cavity enlarges. This contraction creates a vacuum, which pulls air into the lungs. Upon exhalation, the diaphragm relaxes and returns to its domelike shape, and air is forced out of the lungs.

3) What is the breathing pattern we should adopt for forward bending asana?

We must exhale before forward bending asanas.

4) What is the breathing pattern we should adopt for backward bending asana?

Usually we are told to inhale but ideally we must exhale on bending back.

5) What is the breathing pattern we should adopt for twisting asana? Exhaling before twisting contracts the lungs giving us more space to twist.

6) Explain about slow twitch muscle fiber (type -1), with respective hatha yoga style.

Slow-twitch muscle fibers have high concentrations of mitochondria and myoglobin. Although they are smaller than the fast-twitch fibers, they are surrounded by more capillaries (1,2). This combination supports aerobic metabolism and fatigue resistance, particularly important for prolonged submaximal (aerobic) exercise activities. Like doing Ashtanga yoga.

7) Explain about Fast twitch muscle fiber (type -2), with hatha yoga practices.

Typically, these have lower concentrations of mitochondria, myoglobin, and capillaries compared to our slow-twitch fibers, which means they are quicker to fatigue (1,2). These larger-sized fibers are also produce a greater and quicker force, an important consideration for power activities (1,2). Like practice of power yoga

8) Explain Aerobic hatha yoga

Slow and moderate practice with enough breathing gap for the muscles like practicing ashtanga yoga, helps burn fat and improve flexibility.

9) Explain anaerobic hatha yoga.

Practices like power yoga have no gap in between the practice for the muscles to breathe

increasing strength and endurance to muscles to counter fatigue.

10) Define Isometric Contraction

An isometric contraction is a muscle contraction without motion. Isometric contractions are used to stabilize a joint.

11) Define Isotonic Contraction

By definition, isotonic exercise occurs when the tension or torque generated by the muscle is constant throughout the movement.

12) Define Concentric Contraction

A concentric contraction is a type of muscle activation that causes tension on your muscle as it shortens.

13) Define Eccentric Contraction

Eccentric contraction occurs when the total length of the muscle increases as tension is produced.

14)Define Tendon

a flexible but inelastic cord of strong fibrous collagen tissue attaching a muscle to a bone.

15) Define Ligament

a short band of tough, flexible fibrous connective tissue which connects two bones or cartilages or holds together a joint.

16) Define Fascia

Fascia is a thin casing of connective tissue that surrounds and holds every organ, blood vessel, bone, nerve fiber and muscle in place.

17) Define Bursae

a fluid-filled sac or saclike cavity, especially one countering friction at a joint.

18) Define Symmetrical compression

Equal compression applied on symmetric muscles on either side of the body axis. Like Full Backbend

19) Define Asymmetrical compression

Unequal muscle compression on symmetric muscles. Like one side bending.

20) Define counter pose in asana practice.

A counterpose is an asana that integrates the action of the preceding asana.

21) Explain about the primary curve.

The thoracic and sacral (pelvic) curves are termed primary curvatures, because they alone are present during fetal life.

22) What is cardiac output? How it is calculated.

Cardiac output is the volume of blood the heart pumps per minute. Cardiac output is calculated by multiplying the stroke volume by the heart rate. … If a patient’s stroke volume is 75 mL with each contraction and his heart rate is 60 beats/minute, his cardiac output is 4,500 mL/minute (or 4.5 L/minute).

23) Define hypertension and hypotension.

Hypotension is the opposite of hypertension, which is high blood pressure. It is best understood as a physiological state rather than a disease. Severely low blood pressure can deprive the brain and other vital organs of oxygen and nutrients, leading to a life-threatening condition called shock.

24) Mention the factors affecting blood pressure.

Five factors influence blood pressure:

●Cardiac output.

●Peripheral vascular resistance.

●Volume of circulating blood.

●Viscosity of blood.

●Elasticity of vessels walls.

25) What is Sympathetic nervous system, correlate with hatha yoga practices and its benefits?

The sympathetic nervous system directs the body’s rapid involuntary response to dangerous or stressful situations. A flash flood of hormones boosts the body’s alertness and heart rate, sending extra blood to the muscles. The Practice of yoga asanas and pranayama help balance the nerve impulse and resist it without causing emotional pain.

26) What is Parasympathetic nervous system, correlate with asana practice and its benefits?

The parasympathetic nervous system predominates in quiet “rest and digest” conditions while the sympathetic nervous system drives the “fight or flight” response in stressful situations. The main purpose of the PNS is to conserve energy to be used later and to regulate bodily functions like digestion and urination. The practice of yoga can help balance the secretion of hormones and other body functions caused by parasympathetic system.

27) Explain term Abduction, in compare with asana movement.

Abduction is to retreat back to the position medially.

28) Explain term Adduction, in compare with asana movement.

Abduction is to position the part of the body laterally.

29) Explain term Supination, in compare with asana movement.

Rotation of the forearm and hand so that the palm faces forward or upward. Ex: extended triangle pose with one arm up and palms facing the front.

30) Explain term Pronation, in compare with asana movement.

Rotation of the hand and forearm so that the palm faces backwards or downwards. Like down dog pose where the palms are pressed down the mat.

31) Explain term Lateral flexion, in compare with asana movement.

Movement of a body part to the side is called lateral flexion. For example, when you move your head toward one of your shoulders or bend your body sideways, you’re performing a lateral flexion.

32) Explain term Medial rotation (internal rotation), in compare with asana movement.

This movement is sometimes referred to as internal rotation because the motion is inward toward the body’s central vertical axis. An example of medial rotation is turning the legs at the hip so that the toes point toward one another.

33) Write about Endorphin theory

They found that the body has special receptors that bind to opioids to block pain signals. The scientists then realized that some chemicals in the body acted similarly to natural opioid medications, binding to these same receptors. These chemicals were endorphins.

34) Write about the gate theory of pain

The gate control theory of pain describes how non-painful sensations can override and reduce painful sensations. A painful, nociceptive stimulus stimulates primary afferent fibers and travels to the brain via transmission cells. Increasing activity of the transmission cells results in increased perceived pain.

35) Write about Active Static Stretching, an explain about with related hatha yoga style practice.

Active stretching is also referred to as static-active stretching . An active stretch is one where you assume a position and then hold it there with no assistance other than using the strength of your agonist muscles. Like in Forward bending we stretch our back thigh muscles.

36) Write about Isometric Stretching, an explain about with related hatha yoga style practice

Isometric exercises are contractions of a particular muscle or group of muscles. During isometric exercises, the muscle doesn’t noticeably change length and the affected joint doesn’t move. Isometric exercises help maintain strength. They can also build strength, but not effectively. Like performing extended leg supine poses.


37) Define Reciprocal Inhibition

Reciprocal inhibition describes the relaxation of muscles on one side of a joint to accommodate contraction on the other side.

38) Define Golgi Tendon Organ (GTO)

GTOs are nerve receptors that monitor muscle tension and if they  detect excessive load or stretch, they will cause your muscle to relax so you do not tear a tendon or muscle. When applied during treatment, with firm pressure for 30 seconds, your muscles relax to reduce tone and spasm.

1. Misconception between Yoga and Hatha Yoga.

Hatha yoga incorporate asana, pranayama, kriyas, bandhas and mudras. Yoga as a whole emphasises more on meditation and mind control through various practices..

2. Types of yoga according to Bhagavad-Gita.

The three types of ‘yoga’ advocated by Bhagavad Gita are – Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Jnana Yoga.

3. Definition of yoga.

Yoga is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines that originated in ancient India, aimed at controlling and stilling the mind.

4. What is the meaning for term “yoga”.

Yoga means to unite the body and mind.

5. Who is the founder of yoga?

Patanjali muni is said to be the founder of yoga.

6. What misconceptions exist between yoga and hatha yoga.

Yoga is about practicing towards the path of samadhi while hatha yoga is more about doing asanas.

7. Who is the author for yoga darshan?

Maharishi Patanjali

8. Which are called pre classical yoga?

Both the Vedas and Upanishads are said to form the basis of religious concepts for Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The pre-classical period culminated in the creation of the 700-verse Bhagavad Gita, which is credited as the oldest known yoga scripture and is the most famous of Hindu texts.

9. Which period is called classical yoga? Classical period(184 BC to 148 BC)

During the classical period, Patanjali compiled 195 sutras (aphorisms) of yoga into a more concise form. Patanjali’s view on yoga is known as Raja Yoga.

10. Yoga belongs to which religion.

Hinduism (although yogic practices are also common to Buddhism and Jainism).

11. Meaning of hatha yoga.

Hatha yoga refers to a set of physical exercises (known as asanas or postures), and sequences of asanas, designed to align your skin, muscles, and bones.

12. Aim of hatha yoga.

Hatha yoga is a path toward creating balance and uniting opposites. In our physical bodies we develop a balance of strength and flexibility.

13. Difference between yoga and hatha yoga.

14. Relationship between hatha yoga and raja yoga.

Hatha yoga and Raja yoga. Hatha yoga focuses on the well-being  of the physical body and includes all the asanas. Raja yoga helps to get inner peace, meditation or dhyan, relief from stress which is the biggest problems in today’s life. When clubbed together,  Hatha yoga and Raja yoga give an overall benefit.

15. What are all practice included in hatha yoga.

Asana, pranayama, kriya, bandhas and mudras.

16. Concept of Modern hatha yoga style practice. With example.

Modern hatha yoga focuses on physical exercise and body sculpting.

Yoga styles examples: vinyasa, hatha, ashtanga , power and yin yoga.

17. Concept of traditional hatha yoga style practice. With example.

Traditional Hatha yoga focuses on the phylosophical aspects towards mind control by asanas and meditation techniques.

18. Mention four Hatha yoga texts with author.

1) Hatha yoga pradipika — Yogi Swathmarama 2)Gheranda Samhitha — Gheranda Mahamuni 3)Shiva Samhita — Lord Shiva 4)Hatharathnavali — Shrinivasa Yogi

19. Write 12 Styles of modern hatha yoga.

-Hatha yoga

-Vinyasa yoga

-Iyengar yoga

-Bikram yoga

-Yin yoga

-Power yoga

-Ashtanga yoga

-Restorative yoga

-Jivamukti yoga

-Shivananda yoga

-Vivekananda yoga

-Kundalini yoga

20. What is the purpose of hatha yoga?

To bring mental, physical, and vital energy balance in oneself through mastery of the body is the main purpose of hatha yoga.

21. Define chakra.

Chakras are each of seven centres of spiritual power in the human body.

22. List out the 8 cakras with number of petals. Muladhara- 4

Svadhishthana- 6

Manipura- 10

Anahatha- 12

Vishudhi- 16

Ajna – 2 Bindu-1

Sahasrara- 1000

23. What are all four Purusharthas? Why dharma is important in it.

1. dharma (righteousness), 2. artha (material wealth), 3. kama (desire) and 4. moksha (salvation).

Dharma can be described as right conduct, righteousness, moral law, and duty. Anyone who makes dharma central to one’s life strives to do the right thing, according to one’s duty and abilities, at all times.

24. Write four stages of life. Which ashram is important in it? Brahmacharya

Grihastha Vanaprastha

Sannyasa (renunciate)

Grihastha stage was considered as the most important of all stages in sociological context, as human beings in this stage not only pursued a virtuous life, they produced food and wealth that sustained people in other stages of life, as well as the offsprings that continued mankind.

25. What is meant by agami karma

Agami karma is described as future karma: effects that are the fruit of our current actions, decisions and virtuous works. In a spiritual practice of yoga, karma is often represented with a bow and arrow analogy.

26. List out 5 yamas

The Yoga Sutra describes five different yamas, including ashimsa (non-violence), asteya (non-stealing), satya (truthfulness), aparigraha (non-possessiveness), and brahmacharya (celibacy or fidelity).

27. Write seven steps of jnana yoga according to adi sankara.

1.Shubhechha (good desire). …

2.Vicharana (Philosophical inquiry). …

3.Tanumanasi (Subtlety of mind). …

4.Sattvapatti (Attainment of Light). …

5.Asamsakti (Inner Detachment). …

6.Padartha Bhavana (Spiritual Vision). …

7.Turiya (Supreme Freedom).

28. Meaning of the word “Upanishad”

The Sanskrit term Upaniṣad (from upa “by” and ni-ṣad “sit down”) translates to “sitting down near”, referring to the student sitting down near the teacher while receiving spiritual knowledge. (Gurumukh) Other dictionary meanings include “esoteric doctrine” and “secret doctrine”.

29.What is Preyas?

Preyas is a Sanskrit word which can be translated as “dearer”, “more agreeable” or “more desired”. Preyas can also mean “immediately palatable,” and as such it is known in yogic and Hindu philosophy as a way of life which is based on seeking instant gratification.

30. What is the difference between, awareness and consciousness?

Consciousness and Awareness, both words seem to carry the same meaning, but they differ semantically as there is a difference between them. Awareness is having knowledge of something. On the other hand, consciousness is the state of being aware of something and this can be regarded as more spiritual kind of definition.

31. Write four state of consciousness.

Mandukya Upanishad is the source of the Hindu revelations about the Four States of Consciousness and defines these states as waking, dreaming, deep sleep, and turya (the fourth state, which is the state of enlightenment).

32. Write five kosha.

●Annamaya. (Materialist or physical aspects)

●Pranamaya.(Vital energy)


●Vijnanamaya.(Scientific consciousness)


33. What practices will you prescribe for Annamaya Kosha? Asana practices is prescribed for mastery over annamaya kosha.

34. Write nine obstacles as mentioned by sage patanjali.

1.Vyadhi: Physical illness

2.Styana: Lack of interest or enthusiasm

3.Samshaya: Doubt or indecision

4.Pramada: Carelessness or negligence

5.Alasya: Physical laziness

6.Avirati: Desire for sense objects

7.Bhrantidarshana: Living under illusion or wrong understanding

8.Alabdhabhumikatva: Missing the point or inability to hold on to what is achieved

9.Anavasthitatva: Inability to maintain the achieved progress

35. List out the Astanga yoga.

The eight limbs of yoga are yama (abstinences), niyama (observances), asana (yoga postures), pranayama (breath control), pratyahara (withdrawal of the senses), dharana (concentration), dhyana (meditation) and samadhi (absorption).”

36. Explain about in your own words ‘chitta’.

Citta is the object of meditation in the third part of Satipatthana, also called Four Foundations of Mindfulness.

37. Write types of chitta vrittis. Pramana (correct knowledge) Viparyaya (misconception)

Vikalpa (conceptualization) Nidra (sleep)

Smriti (memory)

38. Why we should block chitta.

To avoid the mind from controlling our will.

39. What is meant by chitta?

‘Citta’ primarily represents one’s mindset, or state of mind. It is the term used to refer to the quality of mental processes as a whole.

40. Define Pramana

Pramana literally means “proof” and “means of knowledge”. In Indian philosophies, pramana are the means which can lead to knowledge.

41. How many sutras are their in each pada, in Patanjali yoga sutra.

Samadhi Pada (51 sutras). Sadhana Pada (55 sutras). Vibhuti Pada ( 56 Sutras.) Kaivalya Pada.(34 sutras)

42. What is meant by abhyasa .

“Abhyasa or practice is the effort to fix one’s own self in a given attitude.” Prolonged periods of practice within a given attitude to align ourselves with our soul’s freedom, this is practice.

43. Symptoms of mental distraction, according to Patanjali.

The obstacles, or mental distractions, are sickness, laziness,  doubt, lack of attention and enthusiasm, lack of energy, sensuality, false perception, and failure to attain or maintain concentration.

30. The symptoms of a distracted mind are grief, anxiety, trembling, and irregular breathing.

44. Asana according to Patanjali.

The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali define “asana” as “[a position that] is steady and comfortable”.

45. Define Aparigraha

Non-possession is a philosophy that holds that no one or anything possesses anything.

46. Difference between dharana and dhayana.

Dharana is the active focusing and concentration on one point. Dhyana is a state of mind where one’s focus is maintained or absorbed in the point of focus.

47. Difference between dhayana and Samadhi.

Dhyāna is Meditation. Samādhi is trance where the Mind is devoid of its own nature and the object only shines forth.

48. Mention three main characters in Katha Upanishad.

The Upanishad is the legendary story of a little boy, Nachiketa – the son of Sage Vajasravasa, who meets Yama (the deity of death).

49. Mention Lord Yamas three boons to Nachiketa.

Nachiketa’s first boon was that his father should not be angry with him, which was immediately granted.

The second boon was to know the truth behind the sacrificial fire. The third boon was to know what happens after death.