Uttara Mimamsa, also known as Vedanta, is one of the six orthodox systems of Indian philosophy that deals with the nature of reality, the self, and the ultimate reality known as Brahman.
Uttara Mimamsa literally means “higher reflection” or “conclusion” and is primarily concerned with the interpretation of the Vedas. The Vedas are the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism and are considered to be the ultimate authority in matters of ritual and religious practice.
The main proponent of Uttara Mimamsa is the philosopher-sage Vyasa, who is also believed to have written the Mahabharata, one of the two great epics of Hinduism.
The central tenet of Uttara Mimamsa is that the ultimate reality is Brahman, an all-pervading, eternal, and infinite consciousness. Brahman is considered to be the source of all existence and the ultimate goal of human life is to realize this reality.
Uttara Mimamsa also acknowledges the existence of the individual self, known as Atman, which is considered to be identical to Brahman. The process of realizing this identity is known as Self-realization or Enlightenment.
The philosophy of Uttara Mimamsa is based on the study of the Vedas and is concerned with the nature of reality and the means of achieving liberation from the cycle of birth and death. The study of Uttara Mimamsa involves the analysis of various Vedic texts and the performance of Vedic rituals with the aim of attaining spiritual progress and ultimately, realization of the true nature of the self and the ultimate reality.